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Learning Goal: I’m working on a psychology question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.
Please respond these questions
1- What hormonal changes occur at puberty?
2-What processes determine the development of external genitalia?
3- Describe the major features of Klinefelter syndrome.
4- What are the physical and cognitive effects of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) on females?
5- What are the relationships between testosterone and cognitive behavior?
6- What is the relationship between birth order and sexual orientation in men?
7-What is the relationship between the menstrual cycle and mood?
8- Why do some scientists believe that we are attracted to people with symmetrical faces and bodies?
9- What differences in brain activity occur when we view someone we love compared to when we view someone we like?
10- Evolutionary scientists base much of their reasoning regarding sex differences in mating habits on the fact that females have a greater investment in parenting (time, resources) and can produce fewer children than males. Given the effective contraception now available for women, what possible changes in both male and female behavior might occur?
11. What is “sleep debt” and how is it managed by the brain?
12. What is a REM-on area, and where are these located?
13. Patients with Alzheimer’s disease experience degeneration in the cholinergic pathways of the brain, particularly in the basal forebrain. What consequences might this degeneration have for the patients’ wakefulness and sleep patterns?
14. What evidence supports the idea that sleep is a time to restore and repair the body?
15. What is the relationship between sex hormones and quality of sleep?
16. Describe the symptoms, prevalence, and treatments for major depressive disorder with seasonal pattern.
17. Given the fact that major depressive disorder is correlated with low levels of serotonin activity, explain why we would expect abnormalities of REM sleep in people diagnosed with depression. What types of sleep patterns would we expect to see? How would medications boosting serotonin activity affect sleep?
18. Discuss the possible causes of and contributing factors to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
19. What do the case studies of patients H.M. and N.A. tell us about memory?
20. What is the relationship between long-term potentiation (LTP) and spatial learning?
21. What areas of the brain are involved with procedural memories?
22. Describe the changes in brain activity during the processing of memories that occur in old age.
23. Summarize the role of the amygdala in the classical conditioning of fear.
24. Describe the Atkinson-Shiffrin model of memory, focusing on the different types of memory. Describe and differentiate each type, giving special attention to the “subtypes” of the longest-lasting memory.
25. Lateralization refers to the
a. localization of a function to one hemisphere or the other in the brain.
b. localization of a function to one of the lobes of the brain.
c. tendency for important functions to be localized in areas away from the midline of the brain.
d. tendency for both the human brain and body to be quite symmetrical.
26. In cases of Rasmussen’s syndrome, the complete removal of the cortex of one hemisphere during childhood:
a. saves the child’s life at the expense of intelligence and mobility.
b. has been discontinued due to its poor record of reducing seizures.
c. demonstrates that we only need about 10 percent of our brain for normal functioning.
d. significantly reduces seizures while producing relatively mild side effects.
27. Split-brain operations are most commonly used to treat
c. bipolar disorder.
d. autism spectrum disorder.
28. Discuss the implications of lateralization on musical abilities and learning.
29. Describe the major features of dyslexia
30. What is the Flynn Effect, and what does this tell us about the development of mature human intelligence?
31. Describe the roles of the amygdala and prefrontal cortices in impulsive aggression.
32. Discuss the relationship between stress and health?
33. How well would the classic theories of emotion predict the behavior of people playing violent videogames?
34. What changes would you recommend to our criminal justice system on the basis of research findings described in this chapter regarding aggression and lying?
35. Alzheimer’s disease involves several changes in the brain. Which of the following is not one of the affected structures?
a. neurofibrillary tangles
b. beta amyloid proteins
c. extrapyramidal cells
d. tau proteins
36. Strokes occur when the blood supply is affected by
a. low blood pressure (hypotension).
b. hemorrhage or blockage.
c. death of adjacent neurons.
d. the presence of infarcts.
37. What is a transient ischemic attack (TIA)?
38. What is the relationship between chronic traumatic brain injury (CBTI) and the APOE gene?
39. How does the World Health Organization (WHO) classify brain tumors?
40. Discuss the roles of genetics and environmental factors in the development of autism spectrum disorder.
41. Summarize the biochemical correlates of schizophrenia.
42. Discuss the correlations between brain activity and antisocial behavior.Bonus. Discuss any additional topics related to the course you have learned about and how appreciation, interest and respect for behavioral neuroscience will impact you as a clinician/practioner.